Quick Answer: What Kind Of Thing Is Most Real For Aristotle Contrast With Plato?

What is Aristotle’s theory of reality?

According to Aristotle, everything was made of matter, shape, substance, and structure and the changes in them were the results of the organism trying to reach its potential.

This potential was the part of the thing itself and every member of that species had the same potential..

What do Aristotle and Plato have in common?

Both Plato and Aristotle based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs: Knowledge must be of what is real. The world experienced via the senses is what is real. Knowledge must be of what is fixed and unchanging.

What did Aristotle disagree with Plato about?

Although Plato had been his teacher, Aristotle disagreed with much of Plato’s philosophy. Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. Aristotle believed in looking at the real world and studying it. … Unlike Socrates, however, Aristotle did not stand trial.

What does Aristotle think is most real?

Primary substance are the most real thing for Aristotle because they are subjects to everything else and all other things are either asserted of them or are present in them.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

Which political ideology is Plato credited with?

Plato’s political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato’s political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian by some.

What was Plato’s theory on coming up with a just state?

Plato’s Ideal State. Every reader of the Republic is told that Plato’s intention in discussing the just state is to illuminate the nature of the just soul, for he argues that they are analogous. The state is the soul writ large, so to speak. For example, the divisions of the state correspond to divisions of the soul.

How is Aristotle different from Plato?

Plato (c. 428–c. … Aristotle also investigated areas of philosophy and fields of science that Plato did not seriously consider. According to a conventional view, Plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas Aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical.

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Though many more of Plato’s works survived the centuries, Aristotle’s contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning. While both philosophers’ works are considered less theoretically valuable in modern times, they continue to have great historical value.